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- KA News
- English Rules Rise vs Raise
- Aidan’s Chuckle
- Wow words
- Story Time
- Story Time listening comprehension questions
- Let’s Get Quizzical
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KA NEWS for Tuesday, January 1 2013
KA Winter Courses were held at Jiyugaoka and other schools and we are pleased to announce that they were a huge success and a lot of fun. Thank you to all students who took part.
Students who are participating in the Italian Pen Pal program have mailed letters to their respective pen pals and are anxiously awaiting their replies. May this be the start of some everlasting friendships!
The new issue of Kikokushijo Academy’s magazine, KA Voices will be out in February. Teachers are currently collecting material such as students’ essays, artwork and stories for the new issue. If you would like to submit your masterpiece, please speak to one of your teachers at your school.
Many students will be taking their EIKEN on January 27th. On behalf of all the teachers and staff, we would like to wish everyone luck and encourage everyone to work hard and be as prepared as possible.
In English Rules, we take a look at some of the rules in the English language. For this portion of the Voicecast, you might want to refer to the website so as to avoid confusion.
Let’s look at the verbs to Raise and to Rise
To RAISE is a regular verb that means to lift something, to elevate, to bring to maturity, to increase or to set upright by lifting or building.
This verb needs an object and the verb forms are
Raised (past tense)
Raised (past participle)
Listen to the following sentences:
Michelle raised her hand to wave to her friend.
In this sentence, the word raised means lifted.
My grandmother raised all four of her children on her own.
In this sentence, the word raised means to bring to maturity.
Stores often raise prices after the New Year.
In this sentence raise means to increase.
Now let’s take a look at the Irregular Verb TO RISE.
To RISE requires no object and it means to move upward, without assistance, to move upright from a lying, kneeling or sitting position or to return from death.
The verb forms are
Rose (past tense)
Risen (past participle)
Let’s listen to some sample sentences.
Hot air balloons rise.
In this case the word rise means to move upward. The following sentence also uses the verb to rise to mean move upward but as a past participle.
The sun has already risen this morning.
Zombies rise from the dead in the film Night of the Living Dead.
In this sentence, rise means to return from death.
Aidan: Dad! Why do tennis players make so much noise?
Dad: I don’t know, Aidan, why?
Aidan: Because they always raise a racket!
Why is this joke funny?
Keep in mind that tennis players raise their racket whenever they are serving.
To raise a racket is an idiom that means to make a lot of loud, unpleasant noise. Such as
The children were so excited about playing their new video game, they were raising a racket all morning.
Did you raise a racket on New Year’s Eve like we do in England or did you have a quiet evening watching television then rise early to watch the first sun rise of the year?
For today’s Story Time story, I have selected a passage from one of my favourite books, The Secret Garden, written by British born playwright and author Frances Hodgson Burnette.
Before we listen to the story, let’s have a quick look at some of the WOW wordsyou will be hearing today.
self-absorbed is an adjective which describes a person who is only interested in or is preoccupied with their own emotions, interests or situation
Ayah is a native maid or nanny employed by Europeans in India
Clergyman is a male priest or minister of a Christian church
quarrelling/ to quarrel means to have an angry argument or disagreement
bungalow is a type of house, typically one that is one-storey or with an upper floor with the rooms set in the roof
disagreeable is an adjective which describes someone that is bad-tempered or unfriendly
impudent is an adjective meaning not showing respect for another person. Other words we use in its place include disrespectful, brash or cheeky
Cholera is an infectious and often fatal disease of the stomach that is typically contracted from infected water. People who are affected by Cholera often suffer severe vomiting and diarrhoea.
contrary is an adjective that describes a person who is inclined or likely to disagree or to do the opposite of what is expected or desired.
scornis a noun that means the feeling or belief that something or someone is worthless or despicable. It can also describe a gesture or statement indicating such a feeling.
hunchback is a back deformed by a sharp forward angle, forming a hump
stony is an adjective which means not having or showing any sympathy. We also use words such as expressionless, unfriendly or poker-faced.
THE SECRET GARDEN
MISTRESS MARY QUITE CONTRARY
Mary had liked to look at her mother from a distance and she had thought her very pretty, but as she knew very little of her she could scarcely have been expected to love her or to miss her very much when she was gone. She did not miss her at all, in fact, and as she was a self-absorbed child she gave her entire thought to herself, as she had always done. If she had been older she would no doubt have been very anxious at being left alone in the world, but she was very young, and as she had always been taken care of, she supposed she always would be. What she thought was that she would like to know if she was going to nice people, who would be polite to her and give her her own way as her Ayah and the other native servants had done.
She knew that she was not going to stay at the English clergyman’s house where she was taken at first. She did not want to stay. The English clergyman was poor and he had five children nearly all the same age and they wore shabby clothes and were always quarreling and snatching toys from each other. Mary hated their untidy bungalow and was so disagreeable to them that after the first day or two nobody would play with her. By the second day they had given her a nickname which made her furious.
It was Basil who thought of it first. Basil was a little boy with impudent blue eyes and a turned-up nose, and Mary hated him. She was playing by herself under a tree, just as she had been playing the day the cholera broke out. She was making heaps of earth and paths for a garden and Basil came and stood near to watch her. Presently he got rather interested and suddenly made a suggestion.
“Why don’t you put a heap of stones there and pretend it is a rockery?” he said. “There in the middle,” and he leaned over her to point.
“Go away!” cried Mary. “I don’t want boys. Go away!”
For a moment Basil looked angry, and then he began to tease. He was always teasing his sisters. He danced round and round her and made faces and sang and laughed.
“Mistress Mary, quite contrary,
How does your garden grow?
With silver bells, and cockle shells,
And marigolds all in a row.”
He sang it until the other children heard and laughed, too; and the crosser Mary got, the more they sang “Mistress Mary, quite contrary”; and after that as long as she stayed with them they called her “Mistress Mary Quite Contrary” when they spoke of her to each other, and often when they spoke to her.
“You are going to be sent home,” Basil said to her, “at the end of the week. And we’re glad of it.”
“I am glad of it, too,” answered Mary. “Where is home?”
“She doesn’t know where home is!” said Basil, with seven-year-old scorn. “It’s England, of course. Our grandmama lives there and our sister Mabel was sent to her last year. You are not going to your grandmama. You have none. You are going to your uncle. His name is Mr. Archibald Craven.”
“I don’t know anything about him,” snapped Mary.
“I know you don’t,” Basil answered. “You don’t know anything. Girls never do. I heard father and mother talking about him. He lives in a great, big, desolate old house in the country and no one goes near him. He’s so cross he won’t let them, and they wouldn’t come if he would let them. He’s a hunchback, and he’s horrid.” “I don’t believe you,” said Mary; and she turned her back and stuck her fingers in her ears, because she would not listen any more.
But she thought over it a great deal afterward; and when Mrs. Crawford told her that night that she was going to sail away to England in a few days and go to her uncle, Mr. Archibald Craven, who lived at Misselthwaite Manor, she looked so stony and stubbornly uninterested that they did not know what to think about her. They tried to be kind to her, but she only turned her face away when Mrs. Crawford attempted to kiss her, and held herself stiffly when Mr. Crawford patted her shoulder.
There are some clues in the passage that point to where this story takes place. In what country do you think Mary and the other characters live and what key words from the WOW word list lead you to that conclusion?
Ayah and Bungalow
What were some of the words used in the passage to describe Mary’s character?
Self-absorbed, disagreeable and stony.
Do you agree with these descriptions? How would you like to see Mary change over the course of the story?
How did Mary find herself in the house of the clergyman? What clues lead you to this conclusion?
There are two passages in the story that give very helpful clues.
If she had been older she would no doubt have been very anxious at being left alone in the world, but she was very young, and as she had always been taken care of, she supposed she always would be.
She was playing by herself under a tree, just as she had been playing the day the cholera broke out.
From these two passages we can assume that she was left orphaned, or without parents and was sent to live with the clergyman temporarily. It is suggested in the story that she will be moved to England to live with her uncle, Mr. Archibald Craven. It is at his house, called Misselwaite Manor, where Mary’s adventure truly begins.
I selected The Secret Garden for this Voicecast because today, January 1st is the beginning of a new year, a time when many of you may be making New Year’s Resolutions or plans to do something new or challenging in the year ahead. Mary’s character also goes through a life-changing experience once she moves to England and her transformation and how she attains this transformation is so positive and encouraging, I wanted to recommend the book to all of you. If you only read one book in 2013, make sure that you read The Secret Garden. I’m sure that it is available in the KA library, if not, I will make sure that it is available for you soon. It is truly wonderful.
Let’s Get Quizzical
Answers from the previous Let’s Get Quizzical:
Auld Lang Syne was written by Robert Burns in 1788 and he was from Scotland.
This week’s question:
On what date will United States President Barak Obama be inaugurated for another term in office?
The full length, unabridged Well Read audio book version of A Christmas Carol is now available for download! Each downloadable Well Read audio book comes with a fully annotated eBook, including a glossary of difficult terms and expressions. Please visit the ESL Publishing website for more information!