KA WORDCAST Passages Lesson 1

KA WORDCAST Passages Lesson 1

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Passages Lesson ONE Reading Passage

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KA WORDCAST PASSAGES, Lesson 1

The nine words we will be looking at in today’s lesson were all taken from a reading passage from a novel for young readers by Sharon Creech called Walk Two Moons, about which one recent KA student said, “It changed my life!”  Sharon Creech was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1945, and is a teacher and librarian as well as an award-winning writer.  Walk Two Moons is really two stories in one.  Salamanca (Sal) Maple Tree Hiddle, the thirteen-year-old, part Native-American narrator, is taking a road trip with her grandparents across the United States.  They are on the way to Idaho to visit Sal’s mother’s last known location.  Along the way, Sal tells us about how eighteen months earlier, her mother suddenly walked out on her and her dad and vanished.  But while in the car, Sal also entertains her grandparents with a story about her best friend Phoebe Winterbottom.  In the reading passage, Sal describes the first time she shares a meal with Phoebe’s rather odd family.

To listen to a recording of the passage, please tune into the KA Voicecast website.

 

1. COMMENT

For example, at one point Mrs. Winterbottom said, “I believe I’ve made more pies in the past week than I can count.” She said this in a cheery voice, but afterward, in the small silence, when no one COMMENTED on her pies, she gave a soft sigh and looked down at her plate.

COMMENT is a verb that means to express an opinion on or reaction to something.  Synonyms for COMMENT include remark and observe.

Principal Frasier COMMENTED that unauthorized absences were especially high this year and that she is considering implementing a fine for truancies. 

We were just COMMENTING on how much calmer Josh seems now that he’s practicing yoga and meditation.

“This was your best performance so far, ” Simon COMMENTED to the Idol hopeful.  “I think you just may be the one to beat!”

COMMENT is also a noun that means something said or written that gives an opinion about or explains something. Synonyms include remark, observation, judgment, reflection, and view.

Please send us your COMMENTS, questions, or requests by accessing the Feedback bar on our home page.  We would love to hear from you!

Mike asked me to proofread his short story and leave COMMENTS in the margins, but there wasn’t enough room to explain all of his grammatical and usage errors!

The prosecution team was not available for COMMENT following the jury’s decision to acquit the accused of all charges. 

COMMENT can also mean criticism or discussion of an issue or event.

This year’s poor nationwide test results are a clear COMMENT on how the government’s new education policies are failing. 

Arne Stevenson’s exhibit featuring photos of New York City residents taken without their knowledge has aroused considerable COMMENT on the boundaries of art and privacy.  

COMMENTARY is a television or radio description or explanation of an event that is spoken while it is in progress.

“I really like the COMMENTARIES of that baseball announcer on Fox Sports,” Dawn said to her friend. “He really helps me understand what’s happening on the field.”

Our foreign correspondent Sylvia Brennan will give a running COMMENTARY on the election results in Egypt as they are announced.

As we drove along the highway on our way to the beach, my five-year-old daughter Jasmine kept a running COMMENTARY on every road sign and billboard we came across.

After Arnold Schwarzenegger’s DVD COMMENTARY for “Total Recall” went viral, he appeared on several talk shows to talk about some of his other films.

COMMENTARY can also mean a written expression of opinion on something like a film, book, or play.

For our final assignment in Film Appreciation, we have to write a scene-for-scene COMMENTARY on a movie of our choice.

Writing book COMMENTARIES for the local paper was not what I set out to do when I got a degree in English literature, but I somehow ended up in the role and enjoy it immensely.  

A COMMENTATOR is a person who is either an expert on a particular subject or a person who describes an event as it is happening.  Synonyms include analyst, pundit, presenter, and announcer.

Rush Limbaugh is a conservative American radio talk show host and political COMMENTATOR who has found himself in the midst of controversy countless times for his tactless outbursts.

Before Charles Barkley became a basketball COMMENTATOR on TNT, he was a very successful NBA player.

By the way, the phrase NO COMMENT is similar in meaning to “Don’t bother me! I have nothing to say!”  It is usually a reply to a probing question, often from a journalist (paparazzo!), as in:

“Mr. Rodriguez, have you ever used steroids or other human growth hormones?”  “NO COMMENT.”

 

2. SUPREME

I had a funny feeling that Mrs. Winterbottom did not actually like all the baking and cleaning and laundry and shopping, and I’m not quite sure why I had that feeling because if you just listened to the words she said, it sounded as if she was Mrs. SUPREME Housewife.

SUPREME is a modifier that has several uses.  For one, it means highest in rank or position.  Synonyms include chief, head, prime, and principal.

The SUPREME Commander of the London Metropolitan Police held a press conference this evening to thank Londoners for their hospitality during the London Olympic Games.

Following his victory over Novak Djokovic in the 2013 Wimbledon men’s singles finals, Andy Murray reigns SUPREME in the world of professional tennis.

SUPREME can also mean very great or extreme.  Similar words include highest, greatest, paramount, and ultimate.

A soldier must be prepared to make the SUPREME sacrifice for his country.

The triathlon is the SUPREME test of physical condition and endurance.

And SUPREME is also often used to mean great, outstanding, extraordinary, and phenomenal.

Thirteen-year-old Arvind Mahankali smiled with SUPREME confidence as he correctly spelled “knaidel” in the 2013 National Spelling Bee championship.

SUPREMELY is the adverb form of SUPREME.

All the children performed SUPREMELY well in last night’s junior concert, which was held in the school auditorium.

As far as I can tell, none of the other candidates is as SUPREMELY qualified as Ms. Lawrence, whose skills and experience are just what the company needs at this time.

In British English, SUPREMO is an informal word for a person who wields the most power or authority in a business or organization.

Facebook SUPREMO Mark Zuckerberg is not yet thirty years old, but he is worth an estimated 13.3 billion US dollars.

Let’s take a look at a couple of common phrases using the word SUPREME.  A SUPREME BEING is another name for God.

In a recent poll, nearly 80 percent of the respondents said that they believed in a SUPREME BEING.

The SUPREME COURT is the highest court in a country or state.

In a 5-4 vote, the United States SUPREME COURT struck down the immigration bill as unconstitutional.

The noun SUPREMACY is the quality or condition of being the highest in rank or achievement.

The United States’ SUPREMACY in world politics and economics is being challenged by what some observers have called “the rise of the rest.”

And lest we forget, a SUPREMACIST is a person who believes that one group or race is or should be SUPREME.

Yesterday, a peaceful civil rights march turned violent when white SUPREMACISTS attacked the demonstrators with sticks and baseball bats.

 

3. APPARENTLY

APPARENTLY, during the school terms, she worked part-time at Rocky’s Rubber as a receptionist.

APPARENTLY is an adverb that means as far as a person knows or can see.  Similar words and expressions include evidently, it seems that, and it would seem that.

President Obama, APPARENTLY lost in thought, paused as he spoke about the need for stricter gun control laws to protect the nation’s children.

APPARENTLY, tickets to Glastonbury Festival sell out very quickly, so if you really want to go next year, you had better book now.

Kaitlyn smiled at her dad, APPARENTLY content with his promise to take her to the circus if she didn’t cry when the nurse gave her a vaccination shot.

APPARENTLY is also used by speakers or writers who are not quite sure about or do not want to commit themselves to what they are saying.  Similar words and expressions include so I’m told, supposedly, allegedly, and reputedly.

“I don’t know if you’ve heard,” Jill said in confidence, “but APPARENTLY, Joe has lost his job and the whole family is moving back in with his parents next month.”

Graham was accepted at Oxford University, but APPARENTLY he’d applied to Yale, too, and decided to go there instead.

The couple met with a lawyer today, but APPARENTLY, without positive proof, they don’t have a case against the youths who they say vandalized their car.

APPARENT is an adjective that means easy to see or understand.  Synonyms include evident, obvious, clear, and unmistakable.

It became APPARENT when Andrew was just a toddler that he would be good at sports.

Louis was sitting quietly listening to the chairman’s talk, when, for no APPARENT reason, he stood up and stomped out of the room.

After a couple of missed answers, it became APPARENT to everyone that Brenda was not the best candidate to represent our school on the debate team.

APPARENT can also mean seemingly but not necessarily real or true.

A former concert pianist, my mother was disappointed at my APPARENT lack of enthusiasm for practicing the piano.

Vince’s confidence is more APPARENT than real.  He has to listen to motivational tapes to work up his nerve every time he meets a new client.

Both APPARENTLY and APPARENT come from the verb APPEAR, which means to become visible or evident.

The day after I walked into some bushes to retrieve my son’s soccer ball, a red itchy rash APPEARED on both my legs.

We had almost given up hope of getting to the play on time when the long-overdue bus APPEARED from around the corner.

APPEAR is also a linking verb that means to give the impression of being or doing something.

Jake didn’t APPEAR at all surprised to be named Newcomer of the Year at his school’s annual cross-country club award ceremony.

It APPEARS that the yen will remain strong against the pound for the foreseeable future.

“There APPEARS to be a mistake on your college application, Miss Jones,” the administration officer said over the phone.

Other meanings for the verb APPEAR include (1) to begin to exist, (2) to start to be seen in a magazine or paper, (3) to perform in a movie or play, (4) to be mentioned in a book, (5) to testify in court, and (6) to arrive.

(1) When did primates first APPEAR on Earth?

(2) “Is it too late to prevent the story from APPEARING in the tabloids?” Mariah anxiously asked her press agent.

(3) Daniel Radcliff is APPEARING in the play The Cripple of Inishmaan, which is currently being staged at the Noel Coward Theater in London’s Leicester Square.

(4) My great-great-grandmother APPEARS thinly disguised in the novel as the fictional character Martha Judge, a nineteenth- century suffragette.

(5) The suspect’s former high school coach is expected to APPEAR in court today to testify on his behalf as a character witness.

(6) Angela waited at the restaurant for her date until well after 10:00 o’clock, but he never APPEARED.

APPEARANCE is a noun that means the way that someone or something seems to be or looks on the outside.

New research shows that a lot of office bullying is based on APPEARANCE, with unattractive colleagues being the frequent target of rude remarks and ridicule.

Never judge a person’s character by APPEARANCES alone.  Looks can be deceiving.

APPEARANCE also means someone or something arriving or APPEARING in public.

The crowd went wild when Beyonce made a surprise APPEARANCE at her husband Jay-Z’s concert on Saturday night.

The APPEARANCE of a strange light in the sky above the desert prompted hundreds of phone calls to the local radio station and police department.

And finally, APPEARANCE can also mean the moment something begins to exist or starts to be seen or used.

Meteorologists are predicting that the mild winter we are experiencing this year will bring an early APPEARANCE of daffodils in our gardens this spring.

The common expression KEEP UP APPEARANCES means to pretend to be something you aren’t in order to impress or deceive others.

When the van Hoevens lost all their money in the stock market, they were determined to KEEP UP APPEARANCES and carry on living the extravagant lifestyle they were accustomed to.

 

4. IDENTIFY

Everything they ate was what my father would call “side dishes”: potatoes, zucchini, bean salad, and a mysterious casserole I could not IDENTIFY.

IDENTIFY is a verb that means to establish or indicate who or what someone or something is.  Synonyms for IDENTIFY include recognize, pick out, point out, and distinguish.

Georgia was able to positively IDENTIFY her attacker in a police line-up.

The three final contestants of “Master Chef” were blindfolded and asked to IDENTIFY ten ingredients of a complicated French dish.

Adventure survivalists often spend weeks in the wilderness with only a compass, pocketknife, matches, and a book to help them IDENTIFY edible plants.

IDENTIFY also means to recognize or distinguish something that is considered worthy of attention. Similar words include determine, establish, ascertain, and make out.

America needs to set up a medical-care system that ensures that the public’s real health needs are IDENITFIED and met.

The school has been recognized for its ability to swiftly IDENTIFY pupils with special educational needs.

Scientists have recently IDENTIFIED a link between certain pesticides and England’s diminishing bee population.   

To IDENTIFY WITH means to associate with or regard as having strong links with. It can also mean to equate someone or something with someone or something else.   Synonyms for this usage include associate, link, connect, and relate.

Because of Jeremiah’s Texas accent and powerful build, people often IDENTIFY him WITH ranchers or oil-rig workers, when in fact he is a pediatric surgeon.

Wealth should not be IDENTIFIED WITH happiness.  Lots of rich people are miserable.

And finally, IDENTIFY WITH means to see oneself as sharing the same characteristics, quality, or way of thinking as someone else, or to have sympathy for another’s situation.

Which of the characters in the Harry Potter books do you most IDENTIFY WITH?

After several years in the Peace Corps in Africa, Hayden had a difficult time IDENTIFYING WITH his conservative father. 

I can easily IDENTIFY WITH your perplexity.  I’ve been in a similar situation and had no idea how to handle it.

IDENTIFIABLE is the adjective form of IDENTIFY.  IDENTIFIABLE means able to be recognized or distinguished.  Synonyms include recognizable and perceivable.

Our house is easily IDENTIFIABLE by the ivy-covered wall that encloses the yard.

The disorder is IDENTIFIABLE by recurrent blurred vision, dizziness, and pain behind the ears.

IDENTIFICATION is a noun that means the process of showing, proving, or recognizing who or what someone or something is.

You must present two pieces of IDENTIFICATION and a credit card when renting a car. 

When they enter the indoor soft-play area, children are tagged with a bracelet for IDENTIFICATION.

IDENTIFICATION of the victim had to be made by examining his dental records.

And just for the record, if you are asked for your ID at a bank, bar, or other service counter, you must show something such as a passport or driver’s license that proves your IDENTITY, age, and address.  ID, of course, is short for IDENTIFICATION.

(IDENTIFY was also covered in KA WORDCAST Taskmaster Book 2: Lesson 12)

 

5. CONCERNED

They didn’t eat meat, and they didn’t use butter.  They were very much CONCERNED with cholesterol.

In the sentence above, CONCERNED is an adjective that means to be worried about something.  But before we look at the adjective CONCERNED, let’s first look at the noun CONCERN, which has many uses.  First of all CONCERN is a feeling of worry, trouble, or anxiety.

There is growing CONCERN that more and more inner-city children are not receiving educational support at home from their families.

“Please don’t hesitate to bring your child back if the fever persists or if you have any other CONCERNS,” the emergency room attendant said.

Residents have raised CONCERNS about the increase in traffic that could result from the National Trust’s designation of a village dwelling as a historical heritage site.

A CONCERN can also be a desire to protect and help someone or something.  Synonyms include consideration, care, and regard.

“I do appreciate everyone’s CONCERN,” Megan said confidently. “But I’ve made up my mind and that’s that.”

CONCERN can also be something that is important to a person or organization.

What is your biggest CONCERN as a new university graduate?

Reducing carbon dioxide emissions and slowing global warming are of the utmost CONCERN.

The newly published findings will be of CONCERN to all parents of children who have been diagnosed with dyslexia, or developmental reading disorder.

What I do after work and on weekends is none of the company’s CONCERN. 

Now, let’s go back to CONCERNED, an adjective that means worried or anxious.

The school board is deeply CONCERNED about childhood obesity and aims to make sure every pupil eats a well-balanced school lunch.

The radiologist looked at the X-ray with a CONCERNED expression on her face.

CONCERNED can also be used informally to mean (often overly) interested in something.

The mayor seemed more CONCERNED about his image and political future than he did about improving life in the city.

At that age, it’s natural for kids to be more CONCERNED about appearance and popularity than about schoolwork.

The opposite of CONCERNED is UNCONCERNED, which means showing a lack of interest or worry.

Stephen drove on through the windy country lanes, apparently UNCONCERNED about where he was going or getting lost.

The verb CONCERN most commonly means to worry or make anxious.  Synonyms include disturb, trouble, bother, and unsettle.

What CONCERNS me is how little you care about the impact smoking is having not only on your health but on the health of everyone around you.

The city council is CONCERNED that so many residents still refuse to separate their waste, even though we provide everyone with recycling bins.

CONCERN also means to (1) affect or involve someone or something and (2) relate to or to be about something.  Synonyms for (1) include be relevant to and have a bearing on.  Synonyms for (2) include deal with and examine.

Keep your nose out of my business.  It doesn’t CONCERN you.  

The unveiling of the world’s “greenest building” in downtown Portland is a proud moment for all those CONCERNED.

Philippa Gregory’s historical novel The Other Boleyn Girl is primarily CONCERNED with Anne Boleyn’s relationship with her sister and rival, Mary.

The phrase AS FAR AS … IS (AM, ARE) CONCERNED is used to introduce an opinion or subject.

AS FAR AS I’M CONCERNED, children should be allowed to accept or reject their parents’ religion as soon as they can form an educated opinion for themselves.

AS FAR AS this year’s crop of summer blockbusters IS CONCERNED, there’s not one that I’m really looking forward to seeing.

Vince is doing fine AS FAR AS work IS CONCERNED; it’s his people skills that I’m worried about.

By the way, the phrase is TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN is often placed at the beginning of a letter or document when the identity of the receiver is unknown or not clear.  It is used instead of “Dear …”

 

6. RECEPTIONIST

Apparently, during the school terms, she worked part-time at Rocky’s Rubber as a RECEPTIONIST.

A RECEPTIONIST is an office person whose job it is to answer phone calls, deal with clients or customers, and greet visitors.

The clinic RECEPTIONIST will schedule you in for a follow-up appointment.

Most RECEPTIONISTS in European hotels speak excellent English and will be able to help you if you run into any trouble while traveling.

Our client is actively looking to recruit an experienced bilingual RECEPTIONIST to join their new office in Tokyo.

The noun RECEPTION has several uses.  First of all, it is the area just inside the entrance of a hotel or office or other building.

We arranged to meet in hotel RECEPTION at 8:45 prior to our nine o’clock breakfast meeting.

Always check in at RECEPTION before going up to the wards to visit a patient.

Gloria called the messenger service and told them that their carrier could leave the documents with Miss Taylor at RECEPTION.

RECEPTION also means the way someone or something is received or judged or reacted to.  Synonyms include reaction and response.

Adele’s newest album has met with a mixed RECEPTION from her fans. 

The cast members of the musical were overwhelmed by the enthusiastic RECEPTION the audience gave them during the curtain call.

The government’s revised social welfare budget plan got a negative RECEPTION from the opposition.

RECEPTION is also a party or formal social occasion held to welcome someone or celebrate something such as a wedding.

The Rothschild Hall can hold a RECEPTION of up to 250 guests or a banquet for up to 120.

I met my husband Frank when my cousin sat me next to him at her wedding RECEPTION.

There will be a buffet RECEPTION in the village hall following the funeral service.

RECEPTION also refers to the quality or clarity of radio, television, and cell phone signals.

The heavy snow and winter storms have been interfering with our satellite TV RECEPTION.

For some reason, I can’t get any cell phone RECEPTION at the back of our house.

And finally, in the United Kingdom RECEPTION is the first year of primary school.  It is similar to kindergarten or preschool.

My daughter’s RECEPTION class held a “tea party” for parents this afternoon where the kids dressed up and waited on tables just like real servers.

The verb RECEIVE means to be given, presented with, or paid something.

In addition to your regular salary, you will RECEIVE an annual profit-sharing bonus.

Our school RECEIVES ninety percent of its funding from the government and must come up with the remaining ten percent through a variety of fund-raising events.

My friend Chris’s YouTube video clip of his “talking dog” RECEIVED over a million hits.

In 2012, Quvenzhane Wallis became the youngest person ever to RECEIVE an Academy Award nomination.

RECEIVE can also mean to suffer, experience, or be subjected to a certain kind of treatment.

The defendant was convicted on all counts and RECEIVED a life prison sentence, with no chance of parole.

Victoria was lucky to RECEIVE only minor injuries after her car crashed through the guardrail and ended up at the bottom of a deep gulley.

Akiko hadn’t expected to RECEIVE such a warm welcome from her host parents, as she’d been told that many families invite foreign exchange students just to supplement their income.

Here are some other ways RECEIVE is used.

The new Brad Pitt zombie movie has been surprisingly well RECEIVED by the critics.

British Prime Minister David Cameron was RECEIVED as an honored guest at the White House.

Justin Beiber RECEIVED considerable criticism when he visited the Anne Frank House and wrote in the guest book that he hoped that the young Holocaust victim “would have been a belieber.”

The adjective RECEPTIVE is related to RECEIVE and means capable of or qualified for RECEIVING, especially new ideas or suggestions.

Unlike our last manager, who would never listen to our suggestions, Jan is RECEPTIVE to new ideas and encourages everyone in the office to contribute.

“I hope the audience is RECEPTIVE,” Charles said nervously. “There’s nothing worse than giving a presentation in front of people who could care less about what you’re saying.”

A RECIPIENT is a person who receives something.

Wallace was the RECIPIENT of numerous literary awards and prizes before his untimely death in 2008.

In physiology, a RECEPTOR is a nerve ending that responds to external stimuli such as heat, touch, and light.

Nicotine is a drug that acts upon the brain’s RECEPTORS to produce a calming sensation.

A RECEIPT is a written statement that proves something has been paid for.

Make sure you get a RECEIPT for every expense.  We need them for tax purposes.

 

7. SIMILAR

A little later, she said, “I couldn’t find exactly that brand of muesli you like so much George, but I bought something SIMILAR.”

SIMILAR is an adjective that means that someone or something is like someone or something else but not exactly the same.  Synonyms include alike, comparable, resemble, and almost identical.

The dating service asks clients to fill out a detailed questionnaire so it can match men and women with SIMILAR interests.

My twin nephews Josh and Seth are so SIMILAR that the only way I can tell them apart is if they wear different outfits.

The grammatical structures of Chinese and English are strikingly SIMILAR.

Doctors warn that you should never give your prescription medication to anyone else, even if that person’s symptoms are SIMILAR to yours.

By the way, the opposite of SIMILAR is DISSIMILAR.  It means not the same.

The book, a bestseller in the 1970s, claimed that Japan and Britain were not as culturally DISSIMILAR as most people thought.

Despite their DISSIMILAR political philosophies, the two leaders struck up a close friendship.

SIMILARLY is an adverb that means in almost the same way as.  Synonyms include likewise, in like manner, comparably, correspondingly, and in similar fashion.

Surfing the Internet while at the office may be a waste of company time, but long, drawn out meetings can be SIMILARLY counterproductive.

Rachel and Ross, wife and husband, were SIMILARLY successful in their respective chosen careers.

Chickenpox causes a red, itchy rash on the skin.  SIMILARLY, the rubella rash appears as pink or red spots that merge to form even-colored patches.

SIMILARITY is a noun that means the state of being like something but not exactly the same.  Synonyms include resemblance, likeness, and sameness.

This painting bears a striking SIMILARITY to a photograph I saw in a magazine not too long ago.  Do you think the artist ripped it off?

Bob and Bill are both IT sales reps, but that is where their SIMILARITY ends.  One is outgoing and friendly, the other is arrogant and aloof.

For this week’s assignment, write a 1,000-word essay on the SIMILARITIES and differences between the prose styles of Charles Dickens and Mark Twain.

Just for the record, a SIMILE is a word or phrase that compares something or someone to something or someone else using words such as “like” or “as.”  Look at the following examples of SIMILE:

Life is like a box of chocolates.  You never know what you are going to get.

Sophie’s baby Lexie is as cute as a button.

Winston is as cool as a cucumber, even when he is under a lot of pressure.

 

8. CREATING

From what I could gather, Mr. Winterbottom worked in an office, CREATING road maps.

The verb CREATE means to make something new.  Synonyms include produce, generate, and fabricate.

CREATE your own professional-looking website with our easy-to-follow, step-by-step instructions.

This sculpture was CREATED by a local artist who only uses recycled items that she finds in the town dump to fashion her works of art

Walt Disney once said, “You can design and CREATE and build the most wonderful place in the world, but it takes people to make the dream a reality.”

CREATE also means to make something happen or exist.  Synonyms include bring about, lead to, result in, establish, initiate, and launch.

Even in the 21st century, despite all the evidence of science, religious leaders continue to claim that the universe was CREATED according to “intelligent design.”

The construction of the new automobile production plant will CREATE more than 3,000 welcome new jobs in the depressed area.

“Your passion and positive attitude will CREATE more miracles than all the money in the world,” Professor Yang told his freshman philosophy class.

CREATE can also mean to produce a particular feeling or impression.

As you can see, the architect has designed the sanctuary to CREATE a feeling of repose and serenity.

My sister Felicia’s sudden outburst during dinner CREATED an uncomfortable atmosphere at my parents’ 40th wedding anniversary party.

The adjective CREATIVE describes someone who has the skill and ability to produce something new, especially a work of art or idea. Synonyms include imaginative, artistic, expressive, and resourceful.

Oscar is very CREATIVE.  Why don’t we ask him to design our new logo rather than hiring an outside ad agency to do the job?

Mindy is a very imaginative and CREATIVE child who loves to dream up stories and play make believe with her friends.

CREATIVE is also a modifier that is used before a noun to mean involving the use of skill and imagination to produce something new.

Every year I take a two-day CREATIVE writing course at the Graham Greene Festival, which is held in Berkhamsted, the great English author’s hometown.

The company’s CREATIVE team has come up with a new corporate brand image, which will be revealed this evening at the annual stockholder’s meeting.

CREATIVELY is the adverb form and is used like this.

I’ve encouraged my children to use their time during the summer holidays CREATIVELY, rather than wasting it watching television or playing mind-numbing video games.

Playing games is a good way to teach math CREATIVELY and to show pupils that problem- solving can be fun.

CREATOR is a noun form that means a person who has made or invented a particular thing.

Charles Schulz, the CREATOR of the comic strip “Peanuts,” is widely regarded as one of the most influential cartoonists of all time.

A CREATION is the act or process of making something new or bringing something into existence.   It can also be something made by someone that shows his or her ability or imagination.

Laurent has been working for the family-owned catering business since its CREATION in 1992.

The board proposed the CREATION of new management positions to encourage employees to show initiative and leadership.

Melanie’s cake was a beautiful CREATION of fruit, natural sweeteners, and gluten-free rice flour, made especially for her diabetic granddaughter.

Finally, THE CREATOR and CREATION are two words from Christian theology.  THE CREATOR is God, and the making of the world is the CREATION.

In the Bible, the story of the CREATION is told in the book of Genesis.

In Genesis, Adam and Eve disobey THE CREATOR and are cast out of the Garden of Eden.

 

9. EXAMINE

Mr. Winterbottom kept eating, and again, in that silence, Mrs. Winterbottom sighed and EXAMINED her plate.

The verb EXAMINE, as used in the sentence above, means to inspect something in detail to determine its nature or condition.  Synonyms include inspect, look at, study, and appraise.

Marsha EXAMINED the German cuckoo clock she’d purchased online carefully to make sure that it was not damaged during shipment.

Next semester in our Native American Studies course, we will EXAMINE the cultural differences among various indigenous tribes.

Something of a hypochondriac, Helen refused to believe that there was nothing wrong with her, even after the cardiac specialist EXAMINED her.

On tonight’s episode of “Mummies Alive!” bio-archeologists EXAMINE the mummified remains of an Incan girl who was sacrificed nearly 500 years ago.

EXAMINE also means to test people for their knowledge or proficiency by requiring them to answer questions or perform certain tasks.  Similar words include test, quiz, appraise, and assess.

“You will only be EXAMINED on the units we covered this quarter,” our physics teacher assured us the day before our final.

To earn your Ph.D., you must submit an original dissertation and be EXAMINED orally by a panel of five experts in your chosen field.

EXAMINE also means to formally question someone in a court of law.

Convinced that the witness was lying to protect the accused, the prosecution cross-EXAMINED the haughty young woman for nearly two hours.

EXAMINATION is a noun that means the act of looking at something very carefully.  Synonyms include inspection, investigation, and analysis.

Careful EXAMINATION of the distant star revealed that there were three Earth-like and potentially habitable planets in orbit around it.

On closer EXAMINATION, the “antique” pewter mug Josie bought from a Camberwell shop proved to be only a few years old.

The proposal to ban private cars from the downtown area to alleviate congestion is still under EXAMINATION.

Before the insurance company can write up my life-insurance policy, I need to undergo a full medical EXAMINATION by one of their preferred physicians.

An EXAMINATION, or EXAM, is a formal test of a person’s knowledge or ability.

The written EXAMINATION at the end of the semester will count 50 percent toward your final mark.

If I don’t do well on my American history EXAM, I could end up with a D, which means I will probably have to take make-up classes in summer school.

The nouns EXAMINEE and EXAMINER refer, respectively, to the person being tested and the person doing the testing.

EXAMINEES must remain seated until all pupils have completed their EXAMS.  Disruptions will not be tolerated.

Your EXAMINATION papers will be sent to external EXAMINERS, who will mark them and return the results at the end of term.